Accessible Websites For Physically Challenged
Internet connections and the ability to surf the web have become such a common part of day to day life that we often joke about internet access as a human right. Some website users may not consider the fact that there are guidelines that owners must comply to makes accessible websites.
This means taking the time to create content and site navigation with the disabled in mind. The fine print of these Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG for short) are quite detailed and complicated, and there is a lot for website owners to remember.
This guide on making accessible websites will look at the some of important rules and terminology. It also takes care of tools that can make it easy to fix a broken site.
Does Your Website Need To Comply With These WCAG Rules?
The law requires that any public sector organization, non-profit organization or private sector organization with over 50 employees must have their website controller create a new, “significantly refreshed” website that meets guidelines on accessibility.
The controller is the person in charge of appearance, content, and functionality. “Significantly updated” means a site that has kept an old domain name but has been given a significant revamp regarding the content, the look of the site and the navigation tools.
There are two levels of compliance, and your requirements will change. WCAG 2.0 Level A requirements were enforced for any site created since the beginning of 2012 from January 1st, 2014. This means that many new websites could already be in violation. All sites built after this period have until 2021 to adapt.
At this time, WCAG 2.0 Level AA regulations come into operation. If all websites adhere to these 2.0 guidelines, everyone is on the same page when it comes to providing accessible websites for the disabled. There will be an AAA level in the future. For now, site creators only need to worry about the initial A rules and the upcoming AA changes.
What Are The Current Criteria For Level A?
Level A is the most basic level that all sites created after 2012 must now adhere to. The rules are quite simple and deal with basic accessibility needs, but these requirements are often essential for disabled internet users.
These rules cover everything from the look of the page, the presentation of different types of media and the way that the site is navigated.Web sites must provide text alternatives for and non-text content.
They must provide alternatives for time-based/pre-recorded material. This means looking at audio and video-only content, audio descriptions and the use of captions.
Must Have Things For Accessible Websites
- Sites must look into creating adaptable content.
- Build distinguishable content using color and audio control.
- They can create keyboard accessible content.
- Must give users enough time to read and use the material. Any content with timers needs to have adjustments, pause buttons, etc.
- They must avoid any design feature that could cause a seizure.
- Websites must have navigable content with a fixed order, link purpose and page titles.
- They must ensure that the users can read the text with ease and allow for language alterations.
- Web sites must create predictable web pages with focused content.
- They must provide input assistance with helpful instructions and error identification.
- Sites must offer compatible content.
What Happens At Level AA?
In 2021, the criteria will change, and website controllers will have to improve their domains further to meet the following needs for accessible websites.
Web sites must improve their distinguishable content to provide text resizing, contrast and images of text.
Web sites must improve their navigable content to diversify the options, create clearer focus and provide more headings and labels.
Websites must improve readable text content.
Websites must improve the predictability of their web pages with consistent identification.
They must increase their input assistance with better error suggestion and prevention.
How Can You Ensure That Your Website Meets These Criteria?
The best thing to do to start with is to ensure that all software is compatible with these WCAG 2.0 requirements and can fulfill these needs. Old content that cannot be altered will still need to be presented in an accessible format upon request. If you ensure whether or not your site meets these guidelines on accessibility, you can perform the following tests and procedures.
An automatic assessment using assistive technology can provide an audit of the site and bring up bright1 red flags on errors in the system. Online checkers exist, but may not be reliable.
User feedback from disabled users can be more realistic than that of the automated assessment tools.
Disabled testers can give personal ideas on accessibility and suggestions on the problems, but they may not cover the whole site in detail.
A record of changes and adaptations is a great way of keeping track of the progression of the website. This is ideal for personal progress but also as a sign of compliance should anyone ask to see records of your adaptations.
You must aware of the changes you need to make to create an accessible website for the physically challenged. And once you know them, then you need to bring in the right developer.
This final step is just as crucial for ensuring compliance with the WCAG regulations as it creates solutions to the problem and leads to action. The right web developer will be the one with enough expertise in the field.
The communication skill to listen to your requirements and the organizational skills to create a strong, coherent project plan. Find out if they have created a Level A or AA site before, look at their work, tell them your expectations of the project and work with them on a plan of action.
The act of creating accessible websites that conform to current standard sounds complicated, but it doesn’t have to be. If you have a strong understanding of the different guidelines for the WCAG Levels and your website errors.Then an experienced web developer can make corrections to your website.
You can use a definite strategy so that your site is “significantly refreshed”. And it has all the features to meet the needs of physically challenged users.